Fluoride and Fluoridation in Dentistry
Teeth fluoridation is one of the dental procedures aimed at strengthening the tooth enamel. Fluoridation is the treatment of tooth enamel with special fluorine-containing solutions. The ability of fluoride to have a healing effect on teeth was discovered in the middle of the last century. It was then that numerous studies began to confirm the usefulness of fluoride for teeth.
Indications for dental fluoridation:
- Prevention of caries in adults and children;
- Prevention of secondary caries during orthodontic treatment;
- Treatment of tooth hypersensitivity ;
- Teeth discoloration;
- Demineralization of enamel
Fluoridation of teeth: advantages and disadvantages
There are different views on the advisability of using fluoridation to strengthen teeth.
The health of teeth is largely due to the state of the enamel coating; calcium and fluoride provide its strength. If there is a lack of any of these elements in the body, the enamel may become thinner, more prominent - this process is called demineralization. In such cases, fluoridation is prescribed. It helps make teeth more resistant to acid, which occurs when saliva breaks down carbohydrates. However, since this coating cannot last long, it is recommended to repeat the
procedure once a year.
Sodium fluoride is a popular ingredient in medicated toothpaste. Such pastes reduce the ability of acids to negatively affect tooth enamel and minimize the damage caused to tooth enamel by acids before.
Despite all its advantages, fluorine is a toxic substance and is more dangerous for the human body than lead.
One tube of toothpaste contains a rather dangerous amount of fluoride - if you eat a tube of toothpaste at a time, you can get poisoned. In the long term, fluoride accumulates in teeth and bones, which can lead to the development of diseases such as fluorosis and osteosclerosis. Symptoms of these disorders are weight loss, brittle bones, stiff joints and ligaments, and anemia, or anemia. Fluoridation should be used with caution in patients with renal impairment or
Varieties of dental fluoridation
The beneficial effect of fluoride on tooth enamel is due to a number of reasons. First of all, fluorides ensure the remineralization of tooth enamel and stop the growth of pathogenic bacteria that can trigger the development of caries.
Two approaches are used for dental fluoridation: simple and deep. For simple fluoridation, either mouth guards filled with fluoride-containing preparations or a special varnish that covers the teeth are used.
The deep fluoridation technique includes the use of specialized enamel sealing preparations. The main advantage of this method in comparison with simple fluoridation is that deep fluoridation allows the formation of fluoride deposits on the enamel surface, thereby prolonging the effect of fluoride.
Types of teeth fluoridation:
1. Express fluoridation is a method aimed at achieving a quick effect. Disposable aligners are applied to the teeth and left for 10 minutes. A protective layer is formed that protects against the development of caries and preserves the strength of the teeth. The express method does not require significant time expenditures; one session is enough to achieve an optimal result. The resulting effect is fixed at home using mouth guards.
2. Electrophoresis - this method is based on electrolytic dissociation (fluoride ions accumulate in the tooth tissue). The procedure is short, a positive result is achieved after several visits. The gradual accumulation of fluoride in the body has a lasting effect.
3. Fluoride varnish - prescribed for patients with complaints of tooth sensitivity. A special varnish with a high fluoride content is applied to the surface of the tooth enamel. A thin brush is used to apply the product, the method is suitable for both adults and children. The complex, on average, includes 3 procedures that need to be carried out with an interval of several days between each one.
4. Burl fluoridation - carried out independently at home. The patient puts on a mouthguard at night, pre-filled with a gel containing fluoride. The duration of treatment is individualized for each patient. The mouthguard can be reused. The method is used only after consulting a doctor and receiving detailed instructions.
Before the fluoridation of the teeth, the dentist necessarily does hygienic cleaning in order to cleanse the teeth from stones and plaque. To obtain the best result, experts propose to carry out simultaneously two methods of fluoridation of the teeth. In order for fluoride to stay on the surface of the tooth enamel as long as possible, doctors strongly recommend refraining from eating and drinking for several hours after medical procedures.
Before the procedure, the doctor must first examine the oral cavity and recommend the most suitable method for you. Teeth fluoridation is an absolutely painless and patient-friendly procedure.
How is the procedure for the fluoridation of tooth enamel
The manipulation itself is completely painless and passes quickly enough, therefore, fluoridation of tooth enamel is very popular in pediatric dentistry.
The procedure for deep fluoridation of a milk tooth is carried out by a dentist in a specialized clinic and consists of two stages. At the first stage, it is necessary to cleanse and prepare the oral cavity and teeth, at the second stage, the teeth are directly coated with a fluoride agent.
The procedure for preparing the oral cavity immediately before the fluoridation procedure is carried out by a dentist. In the process, the teeth are thoroughly cleaned of plaque, the tooth enamel is dried and then covered with a special substance. This is followed by deep fluoridation of the tooth. Using cotton swabs pre-moistened with mineral solutions, the surface of the teeth is treated. As a result, fluorides and calcium preparations are able to penetrate into deep and hard-to-reach layers of tooth enamel. Deep fluoridation is much more effective than simple fluoridation since it saturates the teeth with the necessary substances several times better.
Regular fluoridation of teeth can solve many problems with tooth enamel in both children and adults. Numerous scientific works devoted to this topic prove that high-quality fluoridation of tooth enamel can significantly reduce the risk of caries in patients, regardless of age and the initial state of tooth enamel.