Laser Dentistry Diagnosis

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Laser Dentistry Diagnosis

Laser dentistry is now used to treat a variety of diseases of the teeth, gums, and oral mucosa, in surgical dentistry, implantology, and aesthetic dentistry, as well as during hygiene procedures. The advantages of the laser have already been appreciated not only by doctors but also by many patients.

The advantages of using lasers in dentistry:

  1. Sterility. When using a laser, there is no direct contact between the surgical instrument and soft tissues, therefore, infection of the patient's gums is excluded.

  2. Antibacterial. The radiation of the dental laser has antibacterial properties, due to which it suppresses the pathological microflora in the operating area. Thus, the use of a laser avoids many complications and inflammation after surgery or implantation.

  3. Aesthetics. When using a laser to cut soft tissue, there is a much smaller area of necrosis (compared to using a scalpel), therefore, the recovery process will be much faster. Also, thanks to the use of a laser, it is possible to avoid displacement of the gingival edges during surgery, which is very important during implantation, especially at the stage of installing a permanent crown.

  4. Comfort. The dental laser simultaneously with dissection of soft tissues promotes instant blood coagulation, thus, the doctor has a better view and it is easier for him to control the situation, even during surgery on the areas of the gums, which have many blood vessels. Moreover, the comfort for the patient lies in the fact that the laser operates practically silently, i.e. the sound of a boron machine, which frightens many, especially children, is absent, which psychologically greatly facilitates treatment

We recommend that you consult with your doctor the next time you visit about the possibilities of laser treatment for your disease.

  • for processing tooth enamel, dentine, and tooth neck

  • when sealing fissures

  • periodontics

  • implantology, in particular, therapy of implant inflammation

  • to detect even the slightest changes in tooth enamel

  • for caries detection

  • initial lesions, enamel demineralization

  • fissure caries

  • diagnostic accuracy - up to 90%

Indications for the use of a laser in therapy:

  • primary carious lesions in the area remote or close to the pulp;

  • secondary carious lesions in which there are composites (smaller cavities or composite remnants) or cement;

  • conditioning the dentin surface to improve the adhesion of fillings in cavities that have been prepared with a laser or rotating instrument;

  • preventive sealing of decay-free molars and premolars;

  • extended fissure sealing after preliminary preparation of carious fissures;

  • reduction of the number of microorganisms in the root canal after mechanical treatment with vital extirpation or treatment of the infected canal.

Types of laser therapy:

  • ablation of primary carious lesions in the area remote from the pulp and in the dentin close to the pulp;

  • ablation of secondary carious lesions;

  • conditioning dentine and enamel;

  • fissure sealing;

  • root canal disinfection.

Types of laser surgical treatment (indications for use in brackets):

  • Dissection, an excision (dissection for drainage of abscesses, frenectomy, dissection of the frenum of the cheek, excision of fibroids, lobular fibroids, gingivectomy for gingival hyperplasia or excision of hyperplasia, surgery preceding prosthetics: "cock's comb", epiblast of the epiduperium of implantation, papillomas, fibromatosis, benign tumors);

  • Ablation of planar diseases of the oral mucosa (simple diseases of the oral mucosa, for example, leukoplakia simplex, idiopathic leukoplakia, lichen planus, hyperkeratosis, aphthae);

  • Exposure of the implant ;

  • Excision of fibroids (pedicle fibroma, broad-based fibroma or lobular fibroma on the soft/hard palate, buccal mucosa, lip, base or along the edge of the tongue and gums, hyperplasia, primarily epulis, telangiectatic granuloma);

  • Frenectomy (correction of a highly attached frenum of the lip, tongue, and cheek, which goes too far into the alveolar ridge or marginal gum, which negatively affects the function, phonetics, position of the prosthesis, etc.);

  • Root apex resection ;

  • Curettage with the detection of lesions (removal of sublingual calculi in periodontal pockets affected by periodontitis, with closed or open curettage).

Indications for the use of a laser in dental surgery:

Despite the variety of lasers used in dentistry, the most popular for several reasons today is the diode laser... The safety level of diode laser devices is very high, so hygienists can use them in periodontics without the risk of damaging the tooth structure.

Laser radiation with a wavelength of 980 nm has a pronounced anti-inflammatory effect, bacteriostatic and bactericidal action, and stimulates regeneration processes. The traditional fields of application for diode lasers are surgery, periodontics, endodontics, and the most popular are surgical procedures. Diode lasers allow you to perform several procedures that were previously performed by doctors with reluctance - due to heavy bleeding, the need for sutures, and other consequences of surgical interventions. This is because diode lasers emit coherent monochromatic light with wavelengths between 800 and 980 nm.

Another advantage of using the soft tissue laser is that there is a very small area of necrosis after tissue contouring, so the edges of the tissues remain exactly where the doctor placed them. This is a very significant aspect from an aesthetic point of view. The laser can be used to contour the smile, prepare the teeth and take the impression during one visit. When using a scalpel or electrosurgical units, it takes several weeks between tissue contouring and preparation for the incision to heal and the tissue to shrink before a final impression is taken. Predicting the position of the incision edge is one of the main reasons why diode lasers are used in aesthetic dentistry to reconstruct soft tissues.

  • Excision of fibroids (pedicle fibroma, broad-based fibroma or lobular fibroma on the soft/hard palate, buccal mucosa, lip, base or along the edge of the tongue and gums, hyperplasia, primarily epulis, telangiectatic granuloma);

  • Frenectomy (correction of a highly attached frenum of the lip, tongue, and cheek, which goes too far into the alveolar ridge or marginal gum, which negatively affects the function, phonetics, position of the prosthesis, etc.);

  • Root apex resection ;

  • Curettage with the detection of lesions (removal of sublingual calculi in periodontal pockets affected by periodontitis, with closed or open curettage).

Indications for the use of a laser in dental surgery:

Despite the variety of lasers used in dentistry, the most popular for a number of reasons today is the diode laser... The safety level of diode laser devices is very high, so hygienists can use them in periodontics without the risk of damaging the tooth structure.

Laser radiation with a wavelength of 980 nm has a pronounced anti-inflammatory effect, bacteriostatic and bactericidal action, and stimulates regeneration processes. The traditional fields of application for diode lasers are surgery, periodontics, endodontics, and the most popular are surgical procedures. Diode lasers allow you to perform several procedures that were previously performed by doctors with reluctance - due to heavy bleeding, the need for sutures, and other consequences of surgical interventions. This is because diode lasers emit coherent monochromatic light with wavelengths between 800 and 980 nm.

Another advantage of using the soft tissue laser is that there is a very small area of necrosis after tissue contouring, so the edges of the tissues remain exactly where the doctor placed them. This is a very significant aspect from an aesthetic point of view. The laser can be used to contour the smile, prepare the teeth and take the impression during one visit. When using a scalpel or electrosurgical units, it takes several weeks between tissue contouring and preparation for the incision to heal and the tissue to shrink before a final impression is taken. Predicting the position of the incision edge is one of the main reasons why diode lasers are used in aesthetic dentistry to reconstruct soft tissues.

It is very popular to use a semiconductor laser for a frenectomy (frenulum surgery), which is usually not diagnosed because many doctors do not like to carry out this treatment according to standard techniques. In a conventional frenectomy, after cutting the frenum, sutures must be applied, which can be inconvenient in this area. In the case of laser frenectomy, there is no bleeding, no stitches are needed, and healing is more comfortable. The absence of the need for suturing makes this procedure one of the fastest and easiest dentists to practice. By the way, according to surveys conducted in Germany, dentists offering diagnostics and treatment with a laser to patients are more visited and successful ...

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