Want To Improve Your Oral Health | Oral Hygiene Basics
If you read the label of a common toothpaste you will find that among the ingredients of which it is composed, there is fluoride. This mineral is considered essential for the dental health of young and old. However, it has often been put under the magnifying glass for fear that it could be harmful. The question is therefore whether fluoride is bad for your teeth or not. In reality, to answer this question, we need to take a small step back and start with what fluoride is and what
its function is to dental health.
Fluorine is one of the many chemical elements that exist and, like them, it has many applications in different areas. One of them is within Dentistry, as it has great benefits for the health of the teeth. And it was in the twentieth century when the relationship between the consumption of fluoride and the reduction of cavities was discovered.
Since that time, dentists have recommended patients to use fluoride toothpaste and mouthwash. This substance protects the outer layer of teeth - enamel - from the attacks of bacteria found in the mouth.
Is fluoride bad for your teeth? No, but pay attention to the quantity
Almost all of us use the classic fluoride toothpaste that can be purchased at the supermarket or pharmacy. The task of fluoride contained in this toothpaste is to make the dental enamel stronger and be able to resist the flaking promoted by bacteria and acids responsible for the formation of plaque, the primary cause of caries. Is this type of fluoride bad for your teeth then? Absolutely not: according to some studies, the periodic use of toothpaste enriched with fluoride decreases the probability of developing caries by 33.3%. However, attention must be paid to the amount of fluorine contained.
The European Union has banned the selling of all those toothpaste containing quantities of fluoride greater than 1500 ppm. The ideal would be to settle on a quantity between 1000 and 1100 ppm. This means that too little would nullify its protective and remineralizing function and not too much so as not to be excessively aggressive. With this amount, does fluoride hurt your teeth? Obviously not. But that changes in children. Let's see how.
Using fluoride in children to prevent tooth decay
Fluoride being a fundamental mineral for strengthening and remineralizing dental enamel, it is 56hnr good for adults as it is for children. In children, the integration of fluoride is recommended to strengthen the enamel, especially those predisposed to the development of caries. Pediatricians and dentists often recommend taking it through special supplements.
However, care must be taken as too much fluoride is bad for children's teeth and can cause serious ailments. For example, even the simple use of toothpaste containing fluoride must be monitored by parents because children can inadvertently ingest it while brushing their teeth.
In children, therefore, the use of a toothpaste containing 1000 ppm of fluoride is not recommended: for the little ones the ideal is a toothpaste that contains a maximum of 500/600 ppm of fluoride, especially if you are already following a specific supplement. This is because taking an excessive dose of fluoride is bad for the teeth and even the bones. For ages below 6 years, the overdose of fluoride can cause a discoloration of the permanent tooth enamel, altering the color, and may result in progressive bone stiffening may in the end even at the skeletal level.
In these cases, we are talking about a real pathology that develops due to the excessive intake of fluoride in children. Improper or excessive intake of fluoride causes fluorosis. This occurs before the teeth break to the gum. This means that fluorosis cannot occur once the teeth are out.
How do you prevent cavities?
Due to its components and characteristics, fluoride contributes to the revitalization and strengthening of tooth enamel.
Enamel has an important protective function for parts, as it is the most resistant and hardest tissue in the entire human body. However, over time and as we get older, the wear of this layer is difficult to avoid. Wear can also be caused by other reasons, such as bruxism, malocclusions, or an inadequate technique during brushing.
Due to tooth wear, the teeth are more vulnerable to attack by cavities and bacteria. Therefore, the proper use of fluoride in the teeth makes the teeth more resistant to the aggressions of bacteria present in the mouth and carious lesions.
From what age can fluoride be used?
The use of fluoride in the denture can be used in both children and adults due to its beneficial anticaries properties. It is indeed especially easy to buy any toothpaste with fluoride on the market. However, pediatric dentists recommend that children's toothpaste be used in the early stages of teething.
Therefore, and although it can be used at any age, it is advisable to consult the child's specific case with the dentist. And it is that during the process of eruption of the teeth, a specialist must determine the amount of fluoride suitable for your teeth.
Despite this indication, remember that the use of toothpaste in children is only recommended from 2 years of age. At this age, the child is usually able to rinse his mouth without accidentally ingesting the paste.
Take care of dental hygiene from childhood
It is essential to consult with the dentist when is safe for a child to start using fluoride in their daily hygiene, as well as what the administered dose should be.
In this sense, parental involvement plays an important role, since the little one must learn the importance of taking care of his mouth every day.
The child brushing should be part of your routine and that this should include proper technique, in addition to the use of an appropriate age toothpaste.
Also, remember that oral cleaning begins before the eruption of the first baby teeth. With these practices and periodic check-ups with the pediatric dentist, you will be sure that your little one will not have any problems related to their oral health.
Fluoride is good as long as it is taken in strict quantities. Correct intake and under the strict control of the pediatrician or trusted dentist is advisable and beneficial.