Dental Implant Options
Patients with lost teeth can be supplied with different types of dentures by the dentist. Depending
on the size of the gap to be restored, a distinction can be made between fixed and removable
dentures. The dentist uses fixed dentures if the gap is not large. Removable dentures are used by
the dentist when many teeth have been lost. Crowns, dentures, and implants are just a few
options for dentures. Today we are going to look at the various dental implant options.
What are dental implants?
A dental implant is a form of a fixed denture. In most cases, it refers to the implantation of an
artificial tooth root, as implants are also called, directly into the jawbone. They are used to
replace missing teeth.
Crowns, bridges, or removable dentures are anchored on the implant, i.e. the artificial tooth root.
It takes on the role of a natural tooth root. A dental implant, therefore, replaces both individual
and several or even all-natural teeth.
Dental implant materials
Dental implants must be firmly attached to the surrounding bone and tissue. Only a few
materials allow this osseointegration. Very good tolerability, the so-called biocompatibility, is
Dental implants can be classified according to the material used.
Ceramic implants were used earlier. They grow into the bones very well and are well tolerated.
However, since ceramic materials are relatively brittle, material breaks often occurred. For this
reason, ceramic implants are no longer used today.
Titanium implants are by far the most commonly used. Pure titanium has very good
biocompatibility and does not trigger any intolerance reactions or allergies. Thanks to its surface
structure, titanium is also able to establish a firm connection with the jawbone.
Implants made of zirconium dioxide make use of a modern material that is one of the highperformance ceramic materials. Zirconium dioxide (also called zirconium oxide or zirconium
(IV) oxide) is a compound of the element zirconium. It is a very stable, non-metallic material
that is used in the manufacture of dental crowns and other dental prostheses and has quickly
established itself there. However, the first results show that the implants are not growing well
into the bone so that titanium is currently still the method of choice for dental implants.
Treatment with implants can be suitable for all situations, provided the patient has a stable bone
in the jaw that can support the implants. If a patient does not have enough jawbone for the dentist
to place an implant, there is the possibility of building up the jawbone.
It is possible to replace individual teeth with implants, but also to fill larger gaps. Depending on
the size, one or more implants are placed in the jawbone. The dentist can then apply the
restoration desired by the patient to the implants. Dental crowns, bridges, and telescopic
prostheses can be carried out by implants.
Implants can be divided according to their purpose and their positioning in the jaw.
Are inserted into the jawbone. The vast majority of dental implants are therefore endosseous
implants. These implants grow firmly together with the jawbone and serve as an artificial tooth
root. The dental prosthesis, for example, a dental crown, a bridge, or a prosthesis, can then be
anchored on this basic framework.
In contrast to the endosseous implants, they are not screwed into the jawbone but lie on the bone
over a large area. They are mainly used when there is massive bone loss. In these cases, there is
not enough bone material to anchor normal implants deep enough in the bone.
Often also called BOI (basal osseointegrated implants). Basal means oriented towards the base or
the bottom. These implants are relatively flat and are not screwed into the bone, but attached to
the side of the bone. Therefore they can also be used with low bone height and can be loaded
immediately due to the large contact area.
Narrow jaw implants
Also called mini implants. One speaks of a narrow jaw when the jawbone shrinks after tooth loss
and primarily degrades in width. If the bone is too narrow to implant screw implants with a
normal diameter, implants with a reduced diameter of 1.8 to 3.1 millimeters are used. The use of
such mini-implants is controversial because the stability is lower. However, they are often used
as a temporary corrective measure in orthodontics.
Who are dental implants suitable for?
With a few exceptions, dental implants can be used in almost any jaw. If the jaw is very narrow
or is present too little bone substance, in advance of the treatment one can bone structure of the
jaw are necessary. For this, the transplant of own bones is carried out.
Smoking, diabetes, and a suppressed immune system are generally considered risk factors but are
not a general no to having dental implants. In osteoporosis patients who take drugs with the
active ingredient bisphosphonate, particular care should be taken when inserting a dental
implant, as the substance hinders the remodeling of the jawbone necessary for healing.
Individual risks should always be clarified in advance in a personal conversation with the
treating doctor. In this way, a suitable solution for the respective patient can be worked out
What are the risks for your teeth with an implant?
Since implantology is now part of the standard repertoire of most dentists, the risks are
manageable. But precisely because it is a surgical procedure, complications cannot be ruled out.
For example, the gums can become inflamed: If the inflammation is advanced, this is called periimplantitis. The inflammation can spread to the jawbone and even lead to bone loss.
Before the implantation, you should be informed of the risks by your dentist and a detailed
diagnosis should be carried out.
The pros and cons of dental implants
Benefits of a Dental Implant
• High wearing comfort, fixed dentures
• Adjacent, healthy teeth do not have to be ground> no good tooth substance is lost
• No risk of infection by grinding the teeth
• Stress on the bone prevents bone loss
• Aesthetic result> Increase in quality of life
Disadvantages of a dental implant
• The duration of the dental treatment is significantly longer due to the healing process
• Higher costs, since the health insurances usually do not cover the costs of dental implants
Dental implants faq
Read the answers to the most frequently asked questions.
How long does a dental implant last?
If you take good care of your dental implant, it can last a lifetime. Good oral hygiene at home, as
well as regular cleaning and examinations in our dental clinic, are essential.
The lifespan of a dental implant can also depend on other factors, such as nutrition, genetics, or
the onset of dental disease.
How do I take care of my dental implants?
Take care of a dental implant just like you take care of your natural teeth.
Visit your dentist regularly for a dental cleaning and maintain an appropriate oral routine at
home to prevent cavities or diseases that may affect your dental implants.
Is dental implant placement painful?
The placement of an implant is a one-hour surgery under local anesthesia so that you do not feel
The sensitivity is variable from one patient to another. Most patients can manage their pain with
a simple over-the-counter pain reliever.
Right after surgery, you will be strongly recommended to eat soft foods for at least two weeks to
avoid pain or irritation.
How long does the process take?
Depending on the treatment plan, the complete procedure of placing dental implants lasts from
two to nine months.
Your dentist can provide you with an accurate estimate.