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It is common knowledge that dental cavities are tiny holes in a tooth. However, were you aware that a dental cavity is the outcome of the tooth decay that occurs over time?

Did you know that you can prevent and even stop it to avoid getting any cavities?

Tooth decay is commonly defined as the continuous destruction of teeth's composition. It can affect both the teeth's outer coating, called enamel, as well as its dentin coating. Dental cavities are caused by bacteria known as Streptococcus mutans, which is found on the tooth's surface that produces acid out of sugar.

Tooth decay occurs when food containing carbohydrates, starches, and sugars, such as bread, cereals, soda, certain fruits, pastries, or sweets leaves bits and minute particles on the teeth. Then, the bacteria that thrive in the mouth absorb these food particles, converting them into acids. The combination of bacteria, acids, food particles, and saliva forms a sticky film known as plaque, which sticks to your teeth. The acids in plaque destroy and remove minerals from your teeth's enamel — a coating of the teeth made essentially of calcium and phosphate. This corrosion causes small cracks in the enamel. Once the acid corrosion spreads into the dentin layer underneath the enamel, a cavity forms.

Pointers to Remember to Prevent Tooth Decay:

Even after doing your best to stop tooth decay, seldom the dentist gets a small cavity or two. It may be a bit tempting to hold off the treatment for tooth decay when any pain is even felt, but procrastinating comes with a high price: Tooth decay does not fix itself, and what begins out as a trivial concern can swiftly become severe real fast, limiting your treatment choices dramatically.

  • Consult your dentist regarding dental sealants applied to the chewing exteriors of your back molars to preserve them from plaque formation.
  • Eat nutrient-rich and healthy-balanced meals and restrict your consumption of junk snacks. lessen the consumption of food and treats with a high content of carbohydrates, starches, and sugars, such as sweets, crisps, and cookies, which can settle on the tooth surface. If glutinous foods are consumed, it is recommended to brush your teeth soon afterward.
  • Brush your teeth regularly, at least three a day with a fluoride-rich toothpaste. Brush after each meal and particularly before going to bed.
  • Clean and rinse the spaces between your teeth daily. Use either dentist-prescribed dental floss or interdental cleaners.
  • Regularly wash daily with a fluoride-rich mouthwash. Some mouthwash also includes antiseptic elements to help eliminate bacteria that create plaque.
  • Consult with your dentist about the usage of supplemental fluoride products, which restores and preserves your teeth.
  • Regularly drink fluoridated water. Approximately a pint of fluoridated water, every day is required to defend children's teeth from tooth decay.
  • Visit your dentist routinely for professional dental cleanings and oral hygiene exams. You might be asking yourself, “Where to find the best dentist near me?” Find out here.


Researchers are finding new ways to prevent tooth decay. One study determined that a chewing gum that holds the sweetener xylitol temporarily hindered the outgrowth of bacteria that causes tooth decay.

Additionally, stuff that slowly releases fluoride over time, which will assist in stopping any more decay, are continuously investigated. These substances would be set amidst the spaces between teeth or in pits and crevices of the teeth. Kinds of toothpaste and mouth rinses that can reverse and "heal" early cavities are also being studied.

We now know that this is only a portion of the question. Additional risk factors for cavities include:

  • Consuming food that sticks to teeth, like sweets and viscous food.
  • Regular snacking on sugar-rich foods or beverages, like soda, juices, cereals, and ice cream, sweets.
  • Heartburn (due to acid).
  • Poor Dental Hygiene.

Home Remedies to Try Out to Prevent Tooth Decay

Once a cavity has filtered in the dentin layer, you will not be able to get cured instantly at home. The following home remedies might help stop the formation of dental cavities or aid “pre-cavities” by strengthening weakened sections of your teeth's enamel before a cavity develops:

  1. Sugar-free gum

Chewing sugar-free gum after meals has been shown in clinical trials to help remineralize enamel. Gum containing xylitol has been researched extensively for its ability to stimulate saliva flow, raise the pH of plaque, and reduce Streptococcus mutans, but further studies are needed.

Sugar-free gum comprising a composite called casein phosphopeptide-amorphous calcium phosphate (CPP-ACP) has been given to reduce S. mutans even more than xylitol-carrying chewing gum.

  1. Vitamin D

Vitamin D is essential to help receive calcium and phosphate from the food you consume. You can get vitamin D from dairy goods, like milk, cheese, and yogurt. You can also receive vitamin D from the sun.

  1. Brushing your teeth with a fluoride-rich toothpaste

Fluoride works an essential role in stopping cavities and remineralizing enamel. Studies have shown that routinely brushing your teeth with fluoride-rich toothpaste deters cavities from forming.

  1. Cut out sugary foods

This is the cavity remedy is not many people that no one likes to hear — stop eating so much sugar. Researchers say that consuming sugar is the most significant risk factor for cavities. They suggest reducing your sugar consumption to less than 15 percent of your total calorie intake for the day.

  1. Licorice root

Extracts coming from the Chinese licorice plant (known as Glycyrrhiza uralensis) can combat the bacteria accountable for dental cavities, according to at least one research.

Studies using licorice extract in a lollipop revealed they were efficiently helpful in significantly reducing the concentration of Streptococcus mutans in the mouth, thus preventing cavities from occurring.

Seeing a Dentist

Many dental issues, even deep dental cavities, occur without any prior signs, pain, or other indications. Having regular routine visits to your trusted dentist for checkups and consultations is the best way to discover any dental cavities before it gets far worse. Early diagnosis means you can get an easier treatment.

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